The much awaited tax reform is set to roll on 1st July 2017. The Government which has made the GST the main stay of its economic reforms is set to ride the rough road of implementation that will start in a few days time. One of the keys to the success of Goods & Services Tax (GST) is smooth migration to new regime with minimum disturbance to existing businesses. It further looks at the enrollment of existing or new taxpayers to GST as the first step towards Transitional Provisions in the new regime.
The GST Council has approved rate structure on various items and also approved rules relating to GST Returns and Transition Provisions.
CARRY FORWARD OF INPUT TAX CREDIT
A registered person shall be entitled to claim Input Tax Credit (ITC) of the Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT) credit carried forward in the return relating to the period immediately preceeding the appointed day subject to the following prescribed conditions:
- The amount of credit is admissible as ITC under GST
- All Returns for preceding 6 months filed under existing laws and admissible credit is reflected in last returns filed
- ITC / CENVAT credit does not relate to exempted goods
CREDIT OF INPUTS HELD IN INVENTORY ON THE APPOINTED DATE
Taxes and duties on Inputs which are held in raw material / semi-finished / finished goods which were for manufacture of exempted goods under the earlier law will be eligible as credit by the following person:
- Those who were not liable to be registered under the earlier law, or
- Those who were engaged in the manufacture of exempted goods or provision of exempted services,
- Those who were providing works contract service and was availing the benefit of notification
- A first stage dealer or a second stage dealer or a registered importer or a depot of a manufacturer.
CREDIT OF ELIGIBLE DUTIES AND TAXES IN RESPECT OF INPUTS OR INPUT SERVICES
A registered person shall be entitled to claim credit of eligible duties and taxes in respect of inputs or input services received on or after the appointed day but the duty or tax in respect of which has been paid by the supplier under the existing law subject to the condition:
The invoice or any other duty or taxpaying document of the same was recorded in the books of account of such person within a period of thirty days from the appointed day (may be extended by a further period of thirty days by the Commissioner);
The registered person shall furnish a statement, in such manner as may be prescribed, in respect of credit that has been taken under this sub-section.
MATERIAL REMOVED FOR JOB WORK OR OTHER PROCESSES LIKE TESTING REPAIRING OR FURTHER PROCESSING
Where raw material, semi-finished or finished are sent for job work under earlier law and are lying with the job worker on the appointed day, job worker need not pay GST on its return to principal provided the goods are returned within 6 months or extended period of 2 months, from the appointed day.
Principal is required to file an application in FORM GST TRAN-1, specifying the stock or capital goods held by him as a principal at the place/places of business of his agents/branch, separately agent-wise and branch-wise.
If goods are not returned within the specified period, the input tax credit shall be liable to be recovered as an arrear of tax under GST and the amount so recovered shall not be admissible as input tax credit.
DUTY PAID GOODS RETURNED TO THE PLACE OF BUSINESS AFTER THE APPOINTMENT DATE
Condition I: Such goods are returned within 6 months or such extended period from the appointed day
In this case, the supplier of the duty paid goods is entitled to get refund of excise duty paid by him under the earlier law on removal of goods provided:
- Duty paid goods were removed in earlier law 6 months prior to the appointed date
- Goods are returned by person other than registered taxable person
- Such goods are identifiable to the satisfaction of the GST authorities
If such goods are returned by registered taxable person, then the return of goods shall be deemed to be a supply.
Condition II: Such goods are returned after 6 months or such extended period from the appointed day
If goods are returned by registered taxable person, he will be liable to GST on such supply.
If goods are returned by person other than registered person, then GST will be paid by recipient of goods under reverse charge mechanism.
ISSUE OF SUPPLEMENTARY INVOICE, DEBIT NOTE OR CREDIT NOTE WHEN PRICE UNDER EXISTING CONTRACT IS REVISED
For upward revision, taxable person is required to issue supplementary invoice or debit note within 30 days from the date of revision in prices of contract entered into before appointed day.
For downward revision, the taxable person shall issue a credit note within 30 days from the date of such revision.
REFUND CLAIMS UNDER EXISTING LAW
Claim for refund of CENVAT credit any duty, tax, interest or any amount paid under the existing law shall be disposed of in accordance with the provision of existing law.
TREATMENT OF LONG TERM CONTRACT
In respect of a contract entered into prior to GST regime, the goods or services or both which are supplied on or after the introduction of GST would be liable to tax under the GST to the extent the supply takes place after introduction of GST.
TAXABILITY ON SUPPLY OF GOODS SENT ON APPROVAL BASIS
No GST shall be payable for goods sent on approval basis, returned to the supplier due to rejection or non approval by the buyer within a period of 6 months or the extended period of 2 months.
The Indian Lawyer