December 17, 2022 In Uncategorized


A two-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court comprising Justice S. Abdul Nazeer and J B Pardiwala passed a Judgment dated 15.12.2022 in the case of R Nagender Yadav vs the State of Telangana, CRA 2290 of 2022 and quashed the criminal proceedings against the Accused in a cheating case after noticing that the Complainant had availed civil remedy against the Accused.


In the present case, the Respondent No.2/ defacto Complainant (Potel Babu Yadav) was the owner of a Plot situated in Nallagandla, Telangana and had acquired the said Plot through a Sale Deed No. 102/2008 dated 09.05.2008. The Petitioner and another person were attestors to the said Deed and both were the cousins of Respondent No.2 (Potel Babu Yadav). The Petitioner also had access to all the original documents of the Respondent No.2. The Petitioner had taken the original Sale Deed No.102 of 2008 dated 09.05.2008 from the Respondent No.2 on the ground that he would obtain necessary building permissions from various Authorities. The Respondent No. 2 , was under the wrong impression that the said Deed, was misplaced, hence, he lodged a complaint with the Police Station at Sultan Bazar and later obtained certified copy of the same.

The Petitioner/Accused No.3 who had in his possession the originals, approached the Accused No.2 and offered to sell the Plot to him on the pretext that  that the same belonged to his close friend. The Accused No.2 interacted with the Accused No.1 who was in the USA. Allegedly, the Accused No. 3 forged the signature of the Respondent No.2 and executed a Sale Deed dated 29.12.2010 in favor of the co-Accused-1.

Aggrieved, the Respondent No. 2 filed a Complaint against the Appellant-Accused No.3 alleging commission of offences under Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) (Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property), 120-B IPC (Punishment of criminal conspiracy), 468 (Forgery for purpose of cheating) and 471 (Using as a genuine a forged document or electronic record), in collusion with other co-Accused.

Later, the Respondent No. 2 also filed Original Suit No. 1343 of 2016 seeking cancellation of the Sale Deed dated 29.12.2010, before the Court of the District Judge, Ranga Reddy District at Kukatpally.

High Court:

Aggrieved, the Appellant-Accused No. 3 filed a Petition under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) in Criminal Petition No. 4687 of 2020  before the Telangana High Court, which refused to quash the Complaint, vide Order dated 01-06-2021, on the ground that the Accused No.3 failed to establish any ground for quashing the proceedings.

Supreme Court Observation:

Aggrieved, the Appellant-Accused No. 3 filed an Appeal before the Supreme Court. The Apex Court passed a Judgment dated 15.12.2022 and made the following observations in this case:

  1. That there was no convincing legal evidence on record to put the Accused to trial for the alleged offences.
  2. That the High Court ought have to observed that the dispute was of a civil nature but had been given a cloak of a criminal offence and that a civil remedy had already been adopted by the Party. Hence, the High Court ought to have quashed the Criminal Proceeding initiated against the Accused No.3, to prevent abuse of the process of the Court.
  3. That, in the present case, it is for the Civil Court to decide upon the question with respect to legality and validity of the disputed Sale Deed dated 29.12.2010.
  4. That further, the Respondent No. 2 may institute appropriate proceedings in future in case the Civil Court comes to the conclusion that the disputed Sale Deed dated 29.12.2010 is forged.


Thus, based on the aforesaid grounds, the Supreme Court allowed the Appeal and set aside the High Court Order dated 01-06-2021 and further, quashed the Criminal Proceedings against the Accused.

Shubham Sharma


The Indian Lawyer


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